What Is Cheese?
- Very Hard (Parmesan)
3. Semi hard (Stilton)
4. Soft – Unripened (Cottage)
5. Soft – Ripened (Camembert)
6. Processed (Cheese Slices or Cheese Spread)
The Journey From Farm To Cheese Board!
1. Production of Milk – dairy cows produce milk which is collected by milking machines.
2. Transportation of Milk – the milk is transported to dairy factories called creameries (although some cheese is still made on farms and traditional dairies).
3. Pasteurising the Milk – the milk is pasteurised by heating the milk to a high temperature and then cooling it quickly. This destroys harmful bacteria.
4. Starter Culture Added – a starter culture of bacteria is added to the milk to turn it sour. The type of bacteria used in this process helps to give each type of cheese it’s individual flavour.
5. Setting Process – rennet or a vegetarian alternative is added to the soured milk to make it set like a gel.
6. Separating the Curds and Whey – The gel is cut into small pieces and then it separates out into solids called curds and liquid called whey.
7. Heating the Curds and Whey – the mixture of curds and whey is heated again to shrink the curds. The temperature has to be controlled precisely so that useful micro-organisms are not destroyed.
8. Draining the Whey – the whey is drained from the curds.
9. Cutting the Curds – the curds are cut into small pieces and salt is added to help preserve and flavour the cheese.
10. Pressing the Curds – the curds are pressed into moulds to give the cheese it’s shape.
11.Ripening Process – the cheese is taken out of it’s moulds and then left to ripen and mature so that it’s taste becomes stronger and the cheese hardens. Soft cheeses are not left to ripen in the same way but are used fresh.
12.Primary Packaging – the cheese is packaged into the relevant packaging.
13.Secondary Packaging – the cheese is packed into cardboard boxes and this secondary packaging protects the cheese during transportation.
14.Loading – the boxes of cheese are stacked onto pallets ready for loading onto the lorries.
15.Transportation & Delivery – the cheese is transported by lorry and delivered to distribution depots, shops or supermarkets.