Crop Bound – A Poultry Complaint

  • A common poultry complaint, also known as impacted crop or crop binding.
  • Crop bound is when the bird’s crop is congested.
  • The food in the crop will not pass through making it difficult for the bird to swallow and eat.
  • The obstruction in the crop can sometimes start to ferment which could lead to bad breath and a sour crop.
  • An obstructed crop can be noticeable in the early morning before the poultry have had their morning feed.
  • The crop is hard when touched, if the bird is crop bound.

Causes

  • An obstruction of food – such as grass.
  • Indigestion.
  • General poor health.
  • Free ranging on vegetation with little nutritional value to the bird.
  • Poor diet.

Curing crop bound

  1. Give the bird a drink of warm water and then rub the crop gently. Hold the bird’s head upside down and squeeze the crop so that the liquid and obstruction can run out. If successful let the bird drink water freely and restrict feed for 24 hours.
  2. Give the bird warm water containing epsom salts or bicarbonate of soda (1 teaspoon to a pint of water). Hold the bird’s head upside down and squeeze the crop gently. The salt/soda should make the bird sick and therefore dislodge the obstruction. This procedure should only be done once a day. If successful let the bird drink water freely.
  3. Give the bird some caster oil or mineral oil in warm water or using an eye dropper and then rub the crop. Hold the bird’s head upside down and squeeze the crop gently so that the obstruction can run out with the liquid. If successful let the bird drink water freely and restrict feed for 24 hours.
  4. If the obstruction is making it difficult for the bird to swallow and it cannot be dislodged, then veterinary advice could be sought.

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