A hen is egg bound when they cannot lay their egg. This maybe because;
- the oviduct is too small for the egg to pass through,
- the egg may have broken and cannot slip through or
- the shell of the egg is too soft to let the egg pass through.
Young pullets sometimes find it difficult to lay the first few eggs and it is not unusual to find that the first few eggs that they lay are elongated in shape or speckled with blood.
Sometimes it is obvious that a hen is egg bound as they will be straining.
Egg binding can be relieved by gently massaging the egg out. If the egg breaks inside the hen then there maybe a risk of infection so the hens vent will need to be bathed.