Farming Friends

Meet the animals and harvest the information without getting your hands dirty!

Incubating Guinea Fowl Eggs

Before Incubation

The Eggs

  • Before incubation guinea fowl eggs can be stored for up to 7 days.
  • When storing guinea fowl eggs before incubating, make sure that they are kept at a constant temperature of 18-20 degrees Celsius or 64.5-68 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Make sure the stored guinea fowl eggs are turned daily before they are incubated.


The Incubator

  • Before incubating the guinea fowl eggs make sure that the incubator is thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.
  • Place the incubator in a room with a constant temperature.
  • The incubator should be placed on a flat surface.
  • Make sure that the incubator is placed away from drafts.
  • The incubator should not be placed in direct sunlight.
  • Fill the water trough as directed by the incubator’s instructions.
  • Always check that the incubator is in working order before adding the guinea fowl eggs.
  • Allow the incubator to warm up and adjust to the correct temperature before adding the guinea fowl eggs.

Incubation Facts

  • The incubation period for a guinea fowl egg to hatch is 28 days.
  • The length of the incubation period can vary between 26 and 30 days, if the temperature or humidity is incorrect in the incubator.
  • The correct temperature in the incubator is 37.5 degrees Celsius or 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit, decreasing to 36.5 degrees Celsius or 98.5 degrees Fahrenheit during the final three days of incubation.
  • The correct humidity is 65% until day 25 and then rising to 80% until day 28.
  • Humidity is generated by the addition of water in the water troughs at the bottom of the incubator.
  • Ensure that the water troughs are filled with water at all times.
  • The guinea fowl eggs need to be turned daily and this can either be done by hand, or alternatively by an automatic egg turner.
  • An automatic egg turner is placed in the incubator and will turn the eggs every 4 hours.
  • The final day of guinea fowl rotation is day 25 when the eggs no longer need to be turned.
  • When egg turning stops, the automatic egg timer can be removed.
  • A day or two before the scheduled hatching of the guinea fowl eggs, add clean water to all the troughs to raise the humidity.
  • Keep a daily record of incubator data.

Hatching

  • When the guinea fowl eggs start to pip allow 24 hours for the hatch to complete.
  • Most guinea fowl eggs will hatch within the incubation period, but sometimes weaker guinea fowl chicks (keets) may hatch a day or two later.
  • Only remove the keets when they are dry.
  • Move the keets to a brooder with water and chick crumbs as soon as possible.
  • Discard any unhatched guinea fowl eggs after four days of the main hatch.
  • Remember to thoroughly clean and disinfect the incubator after each set of eggs have hatched.

If you are interested in incubating and hatching guinea fowl eggs then you may find the Incubating, Hatching and Raising guinea fowl Keets eBook useful.

Front Cover Of Incubating, Hatching & Raising Guinea Fowl Keets An eBook

Guinea Fowl Keets eBook Only £3.50

Farming Friends also has guinea fowl eggs for hatching for sale in the Spring and Summer Months.

If you keep guinea fowl and want to ask a question to get some advice or just to chat about your guinea fowl then why not join the free farmingfriends guinea fowl forum.

Enter your email address:

Delivered by FeedBurner

  1. my temp runs from 97.8 to 99 at times why i had it regulated perfectly before i put the eggs in. I want to know if i will get any hatch at all
  2. thanks

    Comment by ccook – May 28, 2007

    Comment by Sara @ Farming Friends – October 9, 2008

  3. Hi CCook,
    Thanks for your comment and question.
    When I first started with my incubator I never checked the temperature or humidity and even on my first hatch I got some eggs to hatch out.
    If the eggs have been stored in good conditions and are fertile then the temperature changes that you talk about should not completely affect the hatch. Normally big changes in temperature will affect the hatch.
    I would try not to open the incubator up and if the temperature does start to drop further then consider putting a towel or cloth around the incubator to raise the temperature.
    In the wild the bird will sometimes get up and leave the eggs and therefore the temperature will change in this natural environment.
    If I was you I would carry on with the hatch and monitor and record both the temperature and humidity (if you have a wet thermometer) and wait to see the results of the hatch. Keeping records will help you to improve your incubation and hatchability rates.

    I wish you good luck. Let me know how you get on.

    Sara @ Farming Friends

    Comment by Sara @ Farming Friends – May 28, 2007

  4. I am a novice at the egg incubation/hatching experience. I have done a lot of reading, but there is obviously nothing like experience. I have an incubator with an auto egg turner, and have raised many eggs to right until the few days before their “due date”, they all die. I can’t figure out what I am doing wrong. All of the eggs, chickens, peacocks and guinea, are perfectly formed and normal looking when I finally give up and break the egg, but they are not alive. Help!!!
    Desperate new poultry farmer…

    Comment by Kimberly Alderton – May 31, 2007

  5. Hi Kimberley,I am sorry that you are not getting the eggs to hatch, especially as they are obviously fertile. Do you check the temperature and humidity in the incubator. A way of checking the humidity is with a wet bulb thermometer. http://www.farmingfriends.com/a-wet-bulb-thermometer/
    Do any of the chicks pip (crack) the shell or do they all die without pipping?
    There are a number of reasons for eggs pipping but not hatching. http://www.farmingfriends.com/reasons-for-pipped-eggs-but-chicks-not-hatched/
    There are many reasons for a poor hatch rate or no hatching eggs. http://www.farmingfriends.com/reasons-for-a-poor-hatch-rate-or-no-hatching-eggs-in-an-incubator/
    Kimberley the reasons for chicks being fully formed but not hatching out can be specifically due to;
    low average humidity in incubator,
    incorrect incubator temperature,
    incorrect ventilation in incubator,
    improper turning of eggs,
    eggs too cold before incubation,
    disease, poor diet or poor health in the flock.

    Egg turning seems to be really important and if eggs are stored before hand they still need to be turned manually at least 3/4 times a day. Egg rotation then stops three days before the hatch. http://www.farmingfriends.com/final-day-of-egg-rotation-for-different-species-of-birds-eggs/

    When I first started with my guinea fowl breeding, like you I didn’t know much and when the keets came to hatch they started to pip but then stopped so I had to help them which all the books say don’t do. I would never have had half as many guinea fowl if I hadn’t helped them. The last two times I have hatched eggs from the incubator required no help from me so I am now obviously getting the conditions right and I got 14 healthy keets and 10 healthy keets. On these occasions I have monitored the level of water in the incubator carefully and topped it up regularly to keep the humidity up. http://www.farmingfriends.com/humidity-levels-for-egg-incubation/

    Do you put different breeds in at the same time? as they have different incubation periods, so only the eggs with the same incubation period can be put in the incubator. http://www.farmingfriends.com/incubation-periods-for-different-species-of-birds-eggs/

    I would say don’t give up and keep trying with the incubator but you might want to just put a few eggs in next time. You might want to candle them so that you know they are all fertile. http://www.farmingfriends.com/reasons-for-pipped-eggs-but-chicks-not-hatched/

    You could also try using a broody hen to hatch the eggs.

    If you know someone who has a different incubator that has had successful hatches you could ask them to incubate your eggs so that you can rule out if it is the incubator.

    I hope this information is helpful. If you want any more help just leave a comment.

    Good luck and let me know how you get on in the future.

    Sara @ Farming Friends

    Comment by Sara @ Farming Friends – May 31, 2007

  6. I have a guinea sitting on eggs, it is past the time of hatching, but I can’t get near the eggs unless I want to get attaacked, there is 2 quineas siting on these eggs. another thing how do you tell female or male?Comment by Lori – June 3, 2008
  7. Hi Lori,
    Thanks for visiting and commenting. Your questions are very interesting. Depending on when the last eggs were laid can depend on when the eggs will hatch. Sometimes the eggs can hatch up to a week after the hatch date. It is a good sign if the guinea hen is still sitting on the eggs as I believe that they continue to sit if they can feel movement inside the eggs, but I don’t know for certain.
    Guinea fowl often share nests so this is not unusual to find two guineas sitting on the nest. The other guinea may have gone broody and decided to sit as well.
    I think I would hang on in their and let the guineas sit and hatch the eggs. If they do come off the nest you could try candling the eggs http://www.farmingfriends.com/candling-eggs/ to see if they have chicks inside.
    It is difficult to tell a female and male guinea fowl until they are 8 -12 weeks old. You can identify them by their call – females have two calls and males only one. Males have larger wattles than females. http://www.farmingfriends.com/guinea-fowl-sexing/
    Good luck with the guinea fowl eggs and let me know how you get on.
    Sara @ farmingfriends

    Comment by Sara @ Farming Friends – June 3, 2008

  8. its my first time of haching guinea fowl and i wanted to know if on the day of haching if you had to help them by cracking the egges and punchuring the embreo.Comment by ollie – June 18, 2008
  9. My Guinea Fowl keets were born with a yolk and the yolk was almost as big as they were. Plus the yolk was attached. Can You tell me why this is?Comment by Jep – July 5, 2008
  10. I have a guinea sitting on eggs. How many days does it take to hatch and should i let her set instead of trying to incubate as i don’t know for sure how long she has been on nest.Do they throw babies out of nest at hatching? some one said you have to be there when they hatch. She has 25 eggs. Is this a lot of eggs for one guinea? Thank you for any info as i am new at this.Comment by Thelma Williams – July 30, 2008
  11. Hi Thelma,
    Guinea fowl eggs take 28 days to hatch. In the wild they will usually sit on about 12 eggs per clutch. You may decide, if you can get any of the eggs that you leave half under your guinea hen and put half in the incubator or under a broody hen. I have read that in the wild guinea fowl make great parents. They don’t like to sit on eggs in an aviary or a hut and I know from experience that if I try to put a run over my sitting guinea hen to protect her from predators she normally gets off the eggs. Guinea fowl should sit if they feel secure and hidden away. My advice if you want your guinea hen to continue to sit is to try not to disturb her but make sure that she is well hidden and protected from predators.
    A couple of farmingfriends have hatched my guinea fowl eggs under broody hens who looked after the keets very well but I am not sure if the guinea hen throws the keets out of the nest. I imagine that if a guinea hen goes to the trouble of sitting on the eggs until they have hatched then she will look after the keets as well.I have only ever managed to hatch guinea fowl out using an incubator. When my guinea hens start to sit outside and I place a run over them it usually disturbs them and they get off the nest. This has happened 3 times this Summer already.
    I hope this information is useful for you. Let me know how you get on.
    Sara @ farmingfriends

    Comment by Sara @ Farming Friends – July 31, 2008

  12. hi
    could anyone tell me if it maters that the temp is at 39c because in my incubator i have hen eggs that have to be at 39c

    if anyone could let me know if this is ok

    james_stokes06@hotmail.com

    thanks james

    Comment by james stokes – September 2, 2008

  13. I have 1 female and 1 male guinea and I would like to know why she keeps moving her eggs out of the nest. she has 10 and has moved 5 out of the nest. They are in a pen all by there self. I go in and feed but that is all. Please help I don’t know what I am doing this is my first time haveing something like this.Comment by linda – September 29, 2008
  14. Hi Linda,
    Thank you so much for this comment. I am not sure why your guinea would move the eggs out of the nest. Have you seen her physically move them or are they just out of the nest when you go and look?
    In my experience guinea fowl like to turn their eggs regularly and may just be vigorously turning the eggs so that they move out of the nest.
    Has your female guinea fowl shown signs that she wants to sit on the eggs. From my experience when they go broody they won’t leave the nest, so you will know when she wants to sit on the eggs.
    If you wish the guinea to hatch the eggs then leave them in the nest and any she moves out put back in the nest and then she may eventually sit on the eggs.
    Let me know how you get on.
    Sorry again for taking some time to reply to your comment.
    Kind regards
    Sara @ farmingfriends


About The Author

Comments

8 Responses to “Incubating Guinea Fowl Eggs”

  1. sara says:

    Hi Carole,
    Thanks for visiting farmingfriends and sorry to hear that your guinea fowl keets are not making it.
    A disease to watch out for is coccidiosis which can kill keets. Here is some info about it
    http://www.farmingfriends.com/coccidiosis-in-guinea-fowl/
    Symptoms include:
    Ruffled feathers.
    Unthriftiness.
    Head drawn back into shoulders.
    A chilled appearance.
    Thirsty.
    Milky white diarrhea which may have blood in it.
    If not treated can lead to mortality.
    Die at night.

    You can get medication from vets for coccidiosis. Some feed has coccidistats in feed to help prevent it. Some say cider apple vinegar can help http://farmingfriends.com/does-cider-apple-vinegar-help-prevent-or-cure-coccidiosis/ or milk http://farmingfriends.com/using-milk-to-treat-coccidiosis/

    If you are vets aren’t too expensive then you could take one of the dead keets for a post mortem so that you can find out for certain what they have. I did this with a quail and it only cost £17.

    Hope your remaining keets are ok. Let me know how they progress.

    Just to let you know that I have a free forum with a section on guinea fowl which may be of interest. http://farmingfriends.com/forums/forum.php?id=6

    Kind regards
    Sara @ farmingfriends

  2. carole says:

    Hi there

    I have no trouble hatching guinea eggs but I can’t keep the keets alive more than a couple of weeks. They get good wing feathers, are very active but just seem to lie down and die after having a “posture” problem. They are in with some hens chicks that are a bit older and seem to see them as “mum” but I just don’t know what is wrong. Any assistance would be much appreciated as it’s very dis-spiriting when they die.

    Carole

  3. Virginia says:

    Hi i am a hobby farmer and i am trying to hatch guinea fowls, I would like to ask a few questions. I am getting mixed information on the temp for incubator hatching. I also hatch chickens in the same incubator is this going to affect the guinea fowls? When candling am I looking for veins, or some sort of spot?? When is the best time to put the keets into a roost?? Also how should i care for the aggs while they are being collected and I am waiting for the rest to be layed since I only have a few hens?? Any information that you can think of that will help and would be most appreciated. Thank you for your time.

    Virginia

  4. sara says:

    Hi Sydney,
    Thanks for your question about guinea fowl sitting on eggs. I was under the impression that hens can tell if the eggs are fertile as they can feel movement in the latter stages of incubation, but I could be wrong.

    I wonder if the eggs that she is sititng on are the hens, maybe you can move the guinea hen abit to see as I know from experience it takes alot to disturb a guinea fowl hen once she has gone broody so just lifting up her feathers to see the eggs may not disturb her, but I would use a long stick to do this as she may be aggressive and the peck of a broody guinea fowl hurts!

    Any eggs that your guinea fowl hen lays are not likely to be fertile if she is not running with any guinea fowl and you say that her mate died 2 months ago which I am sorry to hear.

    I posted your question on my forum here http://farmingfriends.com/forums/topic.php?id=190 and one of the members Sarah posted a reply. My ducks definitley sorted out was was good and what wasn’t. They put the unviable ones under the straw as if they were burying them and left them to go cold. Being their first brood, they did unfortunately leave two eggs in the nest that had gone off, but i think that may be because they laid so many in the first place. None of the eggs they discarded were viable. Sarah L
    Hope this helps. Let us know how she gets on.

    Kind regards
    sara @ farmingfriends

  5. Sydney says:

    My guinea fowl’s mate died about two months ago, but she’s been laying on eggs for a few weeks now. Would she be able to tell if her eggs were infertile? We also have chickens, is it possible she could have taken over one of their nests?

  6. I have just obtained some Guinea Fowl eggs to put in my Brinsea octagon incubator. It does not control humidity but does turn automatically. It seems to work well with chickens – not quite so well with ducks. I am now trying Guinea Fowl. I have seen various websites siting a range of temperatures – one says 100.5F works best, another suggests 37.5C for the first 14 days and then 37.65 for the next 14 days and then reducing to 37.3 for hatching. The guy I bought my eggs from uses a hatchery near by (very old large scale incubator) where he takes all his eggs – duck, geese, turkey and guinea fowl. The temperature is the same for all – only the time to hatch varies. His Guinea Fowl take 33 days – not the 24-26 the book says.

    Now this is Malaysia where humidity is high and outside temperature is high also. He also says his Muscovy ducks hatch in about 30 days not the 35. he has been doing this for 4 years and he has not had many problems – Guinea Fowl and Muscovy around 80% – only geese a bit low at 60%.

    My eggs go in tonight, initially at 37.5C, but I would be most grateful for any further advice

  7. sara says:

    Hi Muriel,
    Thanks for this advice. I have heard others say that they have lost guinea fowl keets under a hen. Glad to hear that 11 out of 13 are doing fine. Guinea fowl keets love shredded lettuce and prefer their water to be warm. I put marbles in the drinker so that they don’t get their head in and drown.
    Let me know how your guinea fowl keets progress. Just to let you know that I have a free guinea fowl forum where guinea fowl enthusiasts chat about their guinea fowl and share tips and advice. http://farmingfriends.com/forums/forum.php?id=6
    kind regards
    Sara @ farmingfriends

  8. muriel says:

    i had a broody hen sitting on my guinea eggs. i found its best to remove them after they have dried. she was either crushing them because they are smaller or they just could not breath. but i did get 11 out 13 that are doing fine.