Pig Glossary

Pig Definitions

  • Abattoir – A slaughterhouse.
  • AI – Artificial Insemination, when gilts and sows are impregnated artificially.
  • Animal Movement Licence – Pigs can only be moved with an animal movement licence.
  • Barrow – A male pig castrated at a young age.
  • Boar – An adult male pig that can be used for breeding purposes.
  • Boar Taint – This is a strong smell and taste on the meat from a boar over the age of seven months that has not been castrated.
  • BPA – British Pig Association.
  • Brimming – This is when a female pig comes into season and is ready to accept the boar.
  • Chitterlings – The small intestines of a pig.
  • Colostrum – The first milk after farrowing from the sow. This milk has some of the natural immunities of the mother which are passed onto the piglets.
  • Creep – An area where piglets can feed away from the sow.
  • Creep Feed – Food that is given to the piglets from two to three weeks onwards which is high in sugar and milk proteins that is given as a supplement to the mother’s milk.
  • Cross Breeding – The mating of pigs from different breeds.
  • Drove – A herd or group of pigs.
  • Estrus – The period of time when the female pig will accept the male pig for reproduction.
  • Farrow – When a gilt or sow gives birth to piglets.
  • Farrowing – Giving birth to piglets.
  • Farrowing Crate -A pen made of metal and wood that confines the sow or gilt so that they do not lay on their piglets. The crate restricts the pigs movement thus protecting the piglets once they are born.
  • Gestation Period – The length of the pregnancy, which is approximately 3 months, 3 weeks and 3 days for a pig or approximately 114 days.
  • Gilt – A young female pig that has not yet had piglets.
  • Hog – Another term for a pig.
  • Hurdle – A solid gate used when handling or moving pigs.
  • In-Pig – When a gilt or sow is pregnant.
  • Lard – Rendered pig fat.
  • Litter – The offspring of a single farrowing.
  • Meal – Feed.
  • Navel Cord – The cord which attached the unborn piglet to the uterus.
  • Needle Teeth – Two large teeth on each side of the upper jaw.
  • Overlay – Overlay is when the sow or gilt lays on the piglets and crushes them to death.
  • Piglet – A young pig.
  • Ring – A metal ring that is placed in the tip of a pigs nose to keep the pig from rooting.
  • Runt – The smallest piglet in the litter.
  • Scour – Diarrhoea.
  • Service – When the female pig is mounted by the boar.
  • Slap Mark – A form of identification where the pig has been tatooed with an identification number.
  • Sow – An adult female pig which has had piglets.
  • Stag – A boar that is castrated after maturity.
  • Swine – A term used to describe all pigs.
  • Teats – A female pig has teats which are on the underpart of their body and allow the piglets to take milk from the female pig.
  • Weaner – A pig that is strong enough to have been removed from the sow which occurs from 6 weeks of age.
  • Vulva – The external part of the female pig’s reproductive organs.

I have three one year Kune Kune pigs. They have started rooting the ground, something which I was told Kunes generally do not do.
It is very distructive and I fear for the newly planted trees, so I have confined them to a small plot.
I am thinking of having them ringed, as they are primarily grazers, so I do not think it would be inhumane or that I would be depriving them of needed nurition. I am assuming this would have to be done by a vet.
My main question is, does it definately work?
Thanks
Anna

Comment by Anna Leska – September 3, 2008 @ 6:51 pm

Hi Anna,
Thanks for visiting farmingfriends and leaving a comment.
I don’t have any kune-kune pigs nor do I have pigs with a ring so I can only advise you from what I have read.
Reading about kune-kunes, it seems that they do like to graze and will therefore root about.
In Storey’s Guide to Raising Pis I have read about ringing pigs, “Ringing is the clipping of soft metal rings to the top rim of the hog’s nose or across the end of the nose with …a ‘humane ring.'” The book says that when the pig starts to root the ring cause mild pain and therefore stops the pig from rooting. It says that the rings are not very expensive and can be applied with a ring plier. It also mentions that the ring can be easily lost, “especially those in the tip of the nose”. It also mentions the pain factor involved when applying because as we all know as soon as you pick up a pig they squeal their heads off even if you are not doing anything to them!!!
I think if I needed to have my pigs ringed then I would seek advice from my vet and actually get the vet to do the job.
The pigs will need to be restrained so that the ring can be applied and as your pigs are 1 year olds, although a smaller breed, they will be still be a decent size to restrain and ring. I think that seeking advice from your vet will be useful as they will be able to tell you if the ring works.
I hope you find this information useful.Let me know what you decide to do and I would love to see a picture of your kune-kunes. Have you named them?

Kind regards
Sara @ farmingfriends

I love PIGS!! there so much fun!!!!

Comment by cassidyL – November 17, 2008 @ 7:41 pm

Hi cassidyL,
I love pigs too. I agree they are alot of fun. They are friendly, curious and mischievous. I have two Saddleback sows and they have both had three litters of piglets which have been a joy to raise.
Do you have any pigs, if so what breed?
Kind regards
Sara @ farmingfriends

Comment by Sara – November 18, 2008 @ 5:35 pm

Cat Glossary

Cat Definitions

  • Carnivore – An animal that eats other animals.
  • Cat – A small carnivorous mammal.
  • Deworm – To treat a cat to remove and prevent worms.
  • Feline – A cat or another animal in the cat family.
  • Grooming – To comb and clean the fur a cat.
  • Kitten – A young cat.
  • Litter Box or Litter Tray – A box or tray where cats are trained to go to the toilet.
  • Neutered – The removal of the sexual organs from a cat.
  • Tomcat – A male cat.
  • Vaccinate – To be given injections or tablets to provide immunity to certain diseases.
  • Weaning – To start feeding a cat food other than it’s mother’s milk.

Arable Crops Glossary

Arable Crops Definitions

  • Arable Farming – The production of crops.
  • Barley – A cereal crop grown mainly for malting and as an animal feed.
  • Biodiesel – Fuel that has been produced using crops.
  • Blight – A potato disease.
  • Buteric Silage – Silage that is too wet and does not ferment properly.
  • Canola – The American name for oilseed rape, an arable crop grown for the extraction of oil from the seeds.
  • Chlorophyll – The green pigment in leaves.
  • Chloroplasts – The leaf cells in plants.
  • CO2 – The chemical formula for Carbon Dioxide.
  • Dehusked – To remove the outer layer on grain.
  • H2O – The chemical formula for Water.
  • Hay – A mature grass that has been cut and allowed to dry in the field.
  • O2 – The chemical formula for Oxygen.
  • Oats – A cereal crop grown for animal feed and for cereal foods for human consumption.
  • Oilseed Rape – An arable crop, also known as canola, grown for the extraction of oil from the seeds.
  • Photosynthesis – The food making process of a plant which takes place in the leaf.
  • Potato Cyst Nematode – A soil borne pest that affects the potato crop.
  • Potatoes – An arable crop and root vegetable grown for human consumption.
  • Silage – Grass that has been preserved by pickling rather than drying.
  • Wheat – A cereal crop grown for animal feed and for the production of flour.