Age Of Maturity Of Male Birds

The age of maturity of male birds will differ between species of birds. The maturity refers to the age at which the males reach sexual maturity and will start breeding with their female partners.

Quail = about 60 days old.

Hen = about 6-8 months old.

Partridges = male grey partridges mature from about 10-12 months old.

Pheasants = about 6-7 months old.

Guinea fowl = about 8-10 months old.

Ducks = about 8 months old.

Turkeys = about 8 months old.

Geese = about 8 months old.

If you would like a book on keeping any of the birds mentioned in this article then visit the farmingfriends book shop to browse through our collection of books on sale.

If you keep poultry, gamebirds or waterfowl or are thinking of keeping pouultry, gamebirds or waterfowl then join the free farmingfriends forum.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Age Of Maturity Of Female Birds

The age of maturity of female birds will differ between species of birds. The maturity refers to the age at which the females reach sexual maturity and will start laying eggs and breeding with their male partners.

Quail = about 50 days old (I have observed that female Japanese quail will start to lay eggs from about 6-8 weeks old.)

Hen =  about 6-8 months old.

Partridges = female grey partridges mature from about 10-12 months old.

Pheasants = about 6-7 months old.

Guinea fowl = about 8-10 months old, however female guinea fowl can start to lay as early as from 16 weeks old.

Ducks = about 4 months old, generally domestic ducks will start to lay from 21 to 26 weeks of age. My khaki campbell ducks started to lay from about 20 weeks old.

Turkeys = about 7 months old.

Geese = about 7 months old.

If you would like a book on keeping any of the birds mentioned in this article then visit the farmingfriends book shop to browse through our collection of books on sale.

If you keep poultry, gamebirds or waterfowl or are thinking of keeping pouultry, gamebirds or waterfowl then join the free farmingfriends forum.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Male To Female Ratio For Keeping Different Varieties Of Poultry

Here is a rough guide to the male to female ratio for keeping different varieties of poultry together.

Quail = 1 male to every 3-4 females.

Hen = 1 males to every 6-10 females. (The Domestic Fowl Trust normally recommend 1 male to 6 females for breeding chickens.)

Partridges = 1 male to 1 female.

Pheasants = 1 male to every 6-7 females.

Guinea fowl = 1 male to every 2-3 females. Although best paired up.

Ducks = 1 male to every 4-6 females. (Debbie at South Yeo Farm normally puts 1 drake with min of 6 ducks and she says, “but some are more rampant than others!” I too have 1 drake to 6 ducks.)

Turkeys = 1 male to every 10 females.

Geese = 1 male to every 4 females.

If you would like a book on keeping any of the birds mentioned in this article then visit the farmingfriends book shop.

If you keep poultry, gamebirds or waterfowl or are thinking of keeping pouultry, gamebirds or waterfowl then join the free farmingfriends forum.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:
Delivered by FeedBurner

Learning About Golden Pheasants

Scott from Ozark Bantams website has sent me a message about his golden pheasants and as I have only seen golden pheasants on a petting farm I was interested to learn more about them.

  • I raise golden pheasants, and I can say they are a pleasure to keep.
  • The males are always showing off and displaying.
  • They are really easy to keep… just basic shelter, quality food, and clean water.
  • Mine started laying a couple of weeks ago, and I’ve not got several of their eggs incubating right now. They are due to hatch in early May.

I sent Scott a reply asking if golden pheasants could be kept free range and if they would mix with other poultry.

Hi Scott,
Glad you liked Zoe’s guest article. Golden pheasants are beautiful looking birds. I have  only seen one at a petting farm. Can they free range during the day and come back to their shelter at night? Do they mix with other poultry ok as I have hens, guinea fowl and ducks?
Good luck with your eggs you are incubating – let us know how you get on.
Just to let you know that I have a free forum which has alot of active members who I am
sure would be interested to hear about your golden pheasants.
http://farmingfriends.com/forums/

Your website and blog is interesting.
Kind regards
sara @ farmingfriends

I was delighted to receive a reply from Scott with more information about the golden pheasant.

Sara,
Thanks for making me aware of the forum. And thanks for the compliment on our web site and blog. I’m glad I found you site as well. To answer your question,

  • I’ve heard of people who have free ranged their goldens but it takes time and patience from a very young age. I am assuming they would have to be supervised outside while young.
  • I do not free range my goldens as they are a wild bird. Though I suspect they would stay near the pens if let out, I’m not sure they would willingly return at night.
  • And goldens are not easy to catch once free.
  • They should not be kept with domesticated chickens, as pheasants are more prone to diseases that chickens can carry and withstand.
  • They can, however, be kept with some other breeds of pheasant and peafowl.

Do you ever have guests write articles or reviews on your site?
Regards,
Scott
www.ozarkbantams.com

I look forward to Scott’s guest article on my website as I think golden pheasants are beautiful birds.

Here is a book about Modern Pheasant Rearing:

[eshop_show_product id=’5663′ class=’hilite’ panels=’yes’ form=’yes’]

If you keep pheasants or are thinking of keeping pheasants then join the free farmingfriends game birds forum for the latest chat, advice and questions about pheasants and game bird related issues.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Guest Appearance – Golden Pheasants By Allandoo Pheasantry

Zoe A. Hunter from Allandoo Pheasantry is a breeder of ornamental and rare species of pheasant. Zoe has written about the Golden Pheasant.

The most popular of the Ornamental Pheasants to keep in an aviary is undoubtedly the Golden Pheasant.

Golden Pheasant

Golden Pheasant

It is not difficult to see why as the colours of this bird are dazzling. With scarlet, bright yellow and orange, a deep royal blue and a rich dark green with some of the feathers edged in a velvety black the Golden Pheasant is one of the world’s most colourful creatures.

As well the outstanding colour the Golden Pheasant can easily become tame. They may not like to be cuddled but, with a little patience, most birds will learn to eat from your hand and they may well hop up onto a lap or an arm.

The Golden Pheasant is extremely hardy and easy to look after. Although a shelter is needed this can be very basic without added heat. They enjoy a varied diet which means they are quite easily satisfied with all sorts of seed, nuts, fruit and vegetables and although not a necessity live food would certainly be relished.

Golden Pheasants

Golden Pheasants

If adding plants to the aviary Golden Pheasants will enjoy a nibble but they are not as destructive as many other birds and most plants in a reasonable sized aviary will still manage to thrive.

Golden Pheasants are fairly cheap to buy and will always be admired. They are in need of conservation as their habitat in the wild is rapidly disappearing. Always look for pure Goldens as many hybrids are sold which will make it much harder to keep these gorgeous birds for future generations to see.

Golden Pheasants by Zoe A. Hunter. Allandoo Pheasantry

Sallie’s Golden Pheasant Chicks

Sallie is a “farmingfriends” friend who I have made friends with since she visited my website to find out about splayed legs in quail.

Sallie keeps quail and pheasants and I have enjoyed seeing the photos of the chicks and hearing about their progress and learning about the differences in the breeds.

Dear Sara,   The original 7 ringneck pheasant chicks are now a month old and doing well.

10 Golden Pheasant Chicks

10 Golden Pheasant Chicks

10 Golden Pheasant Chicks

10 Golden Pheasant Chicks



Photos are of 10 Golden Pheasant Chicks which hatched last weekend (about 20th June).  3 had duff legs (not splayed but almost as if the hock joint was fused really bent)  lost one last night but don’t know if the other two will make it – doubtful I think.  The Golden’s are much quieter than the ringneck and not as spooky.  Just put 62 quail eggs in the incubator so will really be under pressure if they all hatch.  May have to put them in a stable rather than the sitting room!!!   Hope all well with you.   Best Wishes     Sallie.

It’s amazing the places that chicks are kept. My first set of guinea fowl keets that I hatched back in 2005 were kept in a brooder in the kitchen (not very hygenic I know but it is a farmhouse kitchen!), Sallie’s email suggests she has kept her chicks in the sitting room and one of the members of the farmingfriends forum, Mary Jayne has kept her guinea fowl keets in a bedroom.

Do you keep or raise pheasants and have you kept the chicks in strange palaes?

Here is a book about Modern Pheasant Rearing:

[eshop_show_product id=’5663′ class=’hilite’ panels=’yes’ form=’yes’]

If you keep pheasants or are thinking of keeping pheasants then join the free farmingfriends game birds forum for the latest chat, advice and questions about pheasants and game bird related issues.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Sallie’s Day Old Pheasant Chicks

One of my “farmingfriends” and regular farmingfriends forum members has sent me some photos of her 1 day old pheasant chicks.

Sallie's Day Old Pheasant Chicks

Sallie's Day Old Pheasant Chicks

Sallie's Day Old Pheasant Chicks

Sallie's Day Old Pheasant Chicks

Here is Sallie’s email that accompanied the photos.

Above are two photos of the pheasant chicks.  Yet again I have 3 with splay legs but have now used the trusty elastoplast to correct that.  The little dark one is now hopping about like mad.  We have had 2 white pheasants hatch, goodness knows where they came from as we have not white ones on the shoot!!!   Sadly not one of the golden pheasants survived hatching.  We don’t know why they had problems as the normal pheasant eggs all hatched bar one.  Kevin did not wash the golden eggs in vircon so he thinks maybe they got something from the egg but the others in the same incubator were fine so a mystery!!   Will send more photos as the little things grow.   Kind regards     Sallie.

It is interesting to here about other’s experiences with hatching and particularly pheasants hatching as I have never hatched pheasant my self.

If you have any photos of pheasant chicks and experiences of pheasants hatching that you would like to share then please leave a comment.

Here is a book about Modern Pheasant Rearing:

[eshop_show_product id=’5663′ class=’hilite’ panels=’yes’ form=’yes’]

If you keep pheasants or are thinking of keeping pheasants then join the free farmingfriends game birds forum for the latest chat, advice and questions about pheasants and game bird related issues.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Rearing Pheasant And Partridge Chicks

I received a comment asking about rearing pheasant and partridge chicks and how long to leave the lamp on in the brooder.

I am thinking of trying to rear some pheasants and partridge this season for my small shoot.I have not done this befor so I just need to know how long i leave day old chicks under the lamp befor moving them out into a night shelter and then runs.befor putting them into the release pens.

Hi Daryll,

Thanks for your enquiry about rearing pheasants and partridges.

I don’t have much experience of rearing pheasants and partridges. Only that we found a young partridge chick and I raised it with the guinea fowl keets that I had in a brooder at the time.

It is recommended that the lamp for pheasants and partridges is a red lamp to keep the birds calm. My partridge was raised under a normal heat lamp though but then I only had 1 partridge and a dozen or so guinea fowl.

I keep my guinea fowl under a heat lamp for the first 6-8 weeks depending on the temperature outside.

For guinea fowl keets the temperature should be 95-100 degrees fahrenheit for the first two weeks and then decreased by 5 degrees fahrenheit each week after that. Watching the behaviour of the chicks will also help to determine if they need the lamp. Huddled under the lamp is usually a sign that it is too cold, all away from the lamp too hot. A good indication that the temperature is right is if the chicks are just even spread out under the lamp. I usually start to turn the lamp off during the day by week 4-6 depending on the weather outside.

I have read that game birds need to be kept in indoor pens until they are fully feathered and mature and then they can placed in outdoor pens.

I have also read that when the game birds don’t need the lamp for heat so much then a 40-60 watt lamp can be placed above the feeders and drinkers to signal for them to eat/drink at night.

Hope this information is useful.
Kind regards
Sara @ farmingfriends

Here is a book about Modern Pheasant Rearing and a book about Modern Partridge Farming:

[eshop_show_product id=’5663, 5730′ class=’hilite’ panels=’yes’ form=’yes’]

If you keep pheasants /partridges or are thinking of keeping pheasants/partridges then join the free farmingfriends game birds forum for the latest chat, advice and questions about pheasants/partridges and game bird related issues.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner

Incubating Pheasant Eggs

Incubation Period

The incubation period for pheasant eggs is 23-28 days.

Incubation Temperature

The temperature in the incubator for pheasant eggs is 99.5 degrees fahrenheit.

Humidity Levels

The humidity level (wet bulb thermometer) for pheasant eggs is 82-88 degrees fahrenheit.

Final Day Of Egg Rotation

The final day of egg rotation for pheasant eggs is day 21.

Please note that all of this information is only a guide and that this information may differ according to the incubator manufacturer’s guide.

Always consult the manufacturer’s guide when using an incubator and automatic egg turner.

Here is a book about Modern Pheasant Rearing:

[eshop_show_product id=’5663′ class=’hilite’ panels=’yes’ form=’yes’]

If you keep pheasants or are thinking of keeping pheasants then join the free farmingfriends game birds forum for the latest chat, advice and questions about pheasants and game bird related issues.

If you would like to receive regular information about poultry then why not sign up to the farmingfriends newsletter.

Enter your email address to receive regular email updates of the farmingfriends website posts:

Delivered by FeedBurner