Mycoplasma In Quail

I suspect that my quail have mycoplasma which is like congunctivitis. It is an infection of the air passages and signs of the infection are:

  • swollen facial sinuses.

Other signs may include:

  • sneezing,
  • eye discharges,
  • breathing through a partly opened beak,
  • reduced growth,
  • reduction in appetite,
  • joints may also be affected and birds may become lame and
  • in laying birds there may be reduced egg production.

An anti-biotic treatment can be given in the water. Consultation with a vet is advised.

Mycoplasma can affect chickens, turkeys, and game birds including pheasants, chukar partridges and peafowl as well as  bobwhite quail and Japanese quail.
If you keep quail and want to ask a question to get some advice or just to chat about your quail then why not join the free farmingfriends quail forum.

Check out the following books about keeping and raising quail.

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Can Quail Eat Clover?

Does anyone know if quail can eat clover? I am asking the question because my quail have seemed to enjoy eating clover that I have growing amongst the grass in my garden but over a period of time I have lost quite a few quail and their egg production has reduced.

A friend pointed out that clover is on a list of plants that are toxic to poultry.

Have just done a search for can quail eat clover and found some info about clover and subclover reducing the reproduction of quail eggs! Which could be right as I lost quite a few quail and the egg numbers have significantly reduced.

But then I have read that grouse, partridge, and quail eat the foliage of clover, depending on what area of the U.S. you’re in.

I think I will ask my vet and I’ll let you know what he says. If anyone has any info about whether quail can eat clover then please leave a comment.

If you keep quail and want to ask a question to get some advice or just to chat about your quail then why not join the free farmingfriends quail forum.

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Mixing Quail Of Different Ages

I am often asked about mixing quail of different ages.

I have a quail from 3 different batches (eldest single female of 8 weeks, 2 females of 6 weeks and 2 of 3 weeks). I want to house them all together eventually – but assume I must wait until they’re all fully grown so they can stand up for themselves if another gets terriorial against them? I put the 6 week olds with the 8 week old but she went for the younger ones and I couldn’t help but dive in and split them up. Do you have any tips for getting them familiar – and at what point should I split them up if the bigger one goes for the younger ones? Your advice would be appreciated! Thank you. Lucy

Hi Lucy,

Thanks for visiting farmingfriends and leaving your comment.

Your quail are classed as adults from 6 weeks when they are able to lay and become
sexually active.

I have read that putting them all into an unfamiliar house so that non of them have
become familiar without and class it as their territory helps, if you are able to do this.

If you have to add some quail to a already established hut them you may want to put the
new comers in at night when they are more subdued and less likely to attack each other.
Alternatively placing them all in together during the day allows you to observe what is
happening and to check frequently.

If you can’t put them all in a fresh hut then the ones you are adding could be placed in
a run within the hut for a few weeks so that they can all get used to each other but they
can still see each other but not attack one another.

Quail will quickly attack another quail and draw blood usually on the neck area or back
so when they start to draw blood you will need to separate them as others will then
attack the bloodied quail.

Hope this helps. I have a free forum with a section on quail where people come to chat
and ask question which you may find interesting.
http://farmingfriends.com/forums/forum.php?id=3
My friend Sallie never has a problem introducing quail to other quail.Check out the last
entry on this forum post. http://farmingfriends.com/forums/topic.php?id=180

Let me know how you get on.

Sara @ farmingfriends

Have you successfully mixed quail of different ages? If so do you have any tips on mixing quail of different ages?

If you keep quail and want to ask a question to get some advice or just to chat about your quail then why not join the free farmingfriends quail forum.

If you fancy having ago at incubating and hatching and if you live in the UK then I  have  quail eggs for hatching for sale.

Click on the image below to visit Amazon.co.uk to find out more about this incubator or visit one of the Farming Friends Bookshops.


Starting With Quail For A Few Eggs

Quail are very easy to look after and they start laying eggs from about 6 weeks old.

Last year I hatched some japanese quail and have 8 females and 5 males in an aviary type hut. I generally get 6-8 eggs a day from this group of quail.

I put shavings or straw on the floor which is a concrete base and the concrete helps to prevent rats from entering the hut and also makes it easy to clean out the hut.

The quail enjoy dust bathing in the shavings and they like to make a nest using the straw as they are ground nesting birds.

They eat layers pellets and drink water but they also like cauliflower, broccoli, lettuce and meal worms.

I have a smallish hen drinker and feeder which the quail eat and drink out of.

My hut is a walk in hut and the quail are not frightened of me. The only time my quail get abit spooked is if I wear red. The quail are ground nesting birds and don’t go up into an enclosed hut like hens do, but they do like to  shelter in a box with straw in it when it is cold and windy.

You can put quail in a run on the lawn but you have to be careful that their toes don’t get toeballs which is when they get soil and droppings attached to their feet and it forms a ball.

I kept my quail on grass in a guinea pig run when they were younger and their feet soon got toe balls whcih I removed. They are much better when on shavings or straw. So if you want to give them access to grass, I would suggest that they go in a run during the day and then return to their hut/aviary on a night.

Click on the book image below to visit Amazon.co.uk to find out more about this book or visit one of the Farming Friends Bookshops.

For more information about quail why not browse through the quail category where you will find more information about quail http://farmingfriends.com/category/quail/ or why not join the farmingfriends forum where there is a section on quail where you can chat about your quail and ask advice of other quail enthusiasts http://farmingfriends.com/forums/forum.php?id=3.

If you live in the UK and want to try your hand at incubating some quail eggs then why not buy some quail eggs for hatching.

Quail Are Sensitive To Red Clothing

Did you know that quail are sensitive to red clothing? Everytime I wear a red top and happen to go into the quail barn or aviary then the quail get spooked and start flying about. Quail also have a vertical flight when spooked which means that they fly upwards. This can be dangerous as the quail can bang their heads on the roof of the hut and injure themselves. If I walk past the aviary and I am wearing red clothing then they will start to fly around in an agitated way.

This has happened on a number of occasions but never happens when I am wearing my dark blue overalls so red clothing needs to be avoided when working with or near to quail.

Click on the book image below to visit Amazon.co.uk to find out more about this book or visit one of the Farming Friends Bookshops.

Mixing Quail Breeds

I have been asked if it is possible to mix quail breeds and here is my response;

I have some japanese quail in an aviary and I have a 100 quail in a barn that are a mixture of breeds (mainly Italian) and was thinking of mxing the Japanese in with the Italian but have read that quail are very territorial and that if you want to mix different sets of quail then to put them all into a new pen/aviary.

When I got my 100 quail I was told that there some were Italian, some English and some French and they were brought up together and are all fine in the same barn.

I don’t have experience of mixing Japanese and Californian quail so not sure if they will mix together ok.

If you do decide to go ahead and cannot mix them in a different pen then I have also read that if you take the resident quail out of their housing and make the environment look different and then put them back with the new quail then they may think that they are in a new enclosure. as I have said this is only what I have read and unfortunately I haven’t any experience of mixing quail.
As I was thinking of putting my 13 Japanese quail in with my others I thought I might put them inside a run in the barn to begin with and see how they react. This could also be an option for you. You could add the Californian quail to a pen inside the aviary so both sets of birds can see each other and get used to each other and then mix them togther when the light fades. That’s a point worth noting that it may be a good idea to mix the quail when the light is fading and the birds are less active.

Click on the book image below to visit Amazon.co.uk to find out more about this book or visit one of the Farming Friends Bookshops.

If anyone has any experience of mixing quail breeds then please leave a comment.

If you fancy having ago at incubating and hatching and if you live in the UK then I  have  quail eggs for hatching for sale.

Click on the image below to visit Amazon.co.uk to find out more about this incubator or visit one of the Farming Friends Bookshops.

Quail Housing Requirements

I have read on the poultrysite that,”Adult quail will live and produce successfully if they are allowed 145 cm² of floor space per bird (125 cm² per bird on wire floors). A cage 13 × 20 cm is large enough for two birds.”

Quail are often kept in aviaries with at least 4ft by 3ft of floor space.

Quail are sometimes kept in cages.

Visit Chicken Coops Direct For Hen Housing

I currently keep some quail in an aviary and some in a barn. Both are free to fly within the aviary or barn. The aviary has sawdust or straw or a mixture of both on the floor and the barn has a sandy soil floor which I place straw in so that the quail can make nests on the ground to lay their eggs. My quail are not kept in cages.

If you keep quail and want to ask a question to get some advice or just to chat about your quail then why not join the free farmingfriends quail forum.

Check out the following books about keeping and raising quail.

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