Winter Livestock Feed in 19th Century


I have been sent an email from David who is writing a short story set in the early 19th century on a small farm in Devon. It is a mixed farm and David is trying to establish what winter food would have been used/available in those times for a variety of livestock.

After abit of research I have found out that:-

  • Turnips were fed to cattle and sheep.
  • Hay was given to cattle and sheep.
  • Horses ate oats.
  • Oats strawwas given to suckler cows.
  • Chaff from wheat was fed to cattle.
  • Clover was a fodder crop.
  • Pigs were fed on scraps, peelings and pan scrapings as well as whey.
  • I asked about this on my farmingfriends on twitter page http://twitter.com/farmingfriends and found out that,

    Winter feeds include:

  • mangolds /manglewurzels ,
  • hay,
  • grains, mainly barley, and oats for horses
  • swedes,
  • turnips
  • non prickly tops of the ancient holly trees used for animal feed when snow bound.
  • pea haulm,
  • beech nuts &
  • oak leaves.

If you know anything about the Winter livestock feed in the 19th Century and know about Victorian farming, then please leave a comment and let us know what other food was fed to farm animals in the 19th century.

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